Il sistema operativo MikrotikOS

MikroTik RouterOS, è un sistema operativo (basato su linux) focalizzato sulla connettività Wireless che implementa funzionalità di routing avanzate con caratteristiche come firewall, VPN Server and Client, bandwidth shaper e molte altre caratteristiche. È utilizzato in tutto il mondo da moltissimi Wireless Internet Service Providers per connettere utenti in banda non licenziata.

Ad ogni prodotto NimWave è legata una licenza MikrotikOS. Le licenze Mikrotik si suddividono in livelli.

Livello numero 3 4 5
Wireless AP NO yes yes
Wireless Client and Bridge yes yes yes
RIP, OSPF, BGP protocols yes yes yes
EoIP tunnels 1 unlimited unlimited
PPPoE tunnels 1 200 500
PPTP tunnels 1 200 500
L2TP tunnels 1 200 500
OVPN tunnels 1 200 500
VLAN interfaces 1 unlimited unlimited
P2P firewall rules 1 unlimited unlimited
NAT rules unlimited unlimited unlimited
HotSpot active users 1 200 500
RADIUS client yes yes yes
Queues unlimited unlimited unlimited
Web proxy yes yes yes
User manager active sessions 10 20 50

Funzionalità Supportate da MikrorikOS


  • MAC based access for initial configuration
  • WinBox – standalone Windows GUI configuration tool
  • Webfig – advanced web based configuration interface
  • Basic web interface configuration tool
  • Powerful command-line configuration interface with integrated scripting capabilities, accessible via local terminal, serial console, telnet and ssh
  • API – the way to create your own configuration and monitoring applications.


  • Binary configuration backup saving and loading
  • Configuration export and import in human readable text format


  • Statefull filtering
  • Source and destination NAT
  • NAT helpers (h323, pptp, quake3, sip, ftp, irc, tftp)
  • Internal connection, routing and packet marks
  • Filtering by IP address and address range, port and port range, IP protocol, DSCP and many more
  • Address lists
  • Custom Layer7 matcher
  • IPv6 support
  • PCC – per connection classifier, used in load balancing configurations


  • Static routing
  • Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF)
  • Policy based routing
  • Interface routing
  • ECMP routing
  • IPv4 dynamic routing protocols: RIP v1/v2, OSPFv2, BGP v4
  • IPv6 dynamic routing protocols: RIPng, OSPFv3, BGP
  • Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD)


  • Static Label bindings for IPv4
  • Label Distribution protocol for IPv4
  • RSVP Traffic Engineering tunnels
  • VPLS MP-BGP based autodiscovery and signaling
  • MP-BGP based MPLS IP VPN
  • complete list of MPLS features


  • Ipsec – tunnel and transport mode, certificate or PSK, AH and ESP security protocols.
  • Point to point tunneling (OpenVPN, PPTP, PPPoE, L2TP, SSTP)
  • Advanced PPP features (MLPPP, BCP)
  • Simple tunnels (IPIP, EoIP) IPv4 andIPv6 support
  • 6to4 tunnel support (IPv6 over IPv4 network)
  • VLAN – IEEE802.1q Virtual LAN support, Q-in-Q support
  • MPLS based VPNs


  • IEEE802.11a/b/g wireless client and access point
  • Full IEEE802.11n support
  • Nstreme and Nstreme2 proprietary protocols
  • NV2 protocol (TDMA)
  • Wireless Distribution System (WDS)
  • Virtual AP
  • WEP, WPA, WPA2
  • Access control list
  • Wireless client roaming
  • WMM
  • HWMP+ Wireless MESH protocol
  • MME wireless routing protocol


  • Per interface DHCP server
  • DHCP client and relay
  • Static and dynamic DHCP leases
  • RADIUS support
  • Custom DHCP options
  • DHCPv6 Prefix Delegation (DHCPv6-PD)
  • DHCPv6 Client


  • Plug-n-Play access to the Network
  • Authentication of local Network Clients
  • Users Accounting
  • RADIUS support for Authentication and Accounting


  • Hierarchical Token Bucket (HTB) QoS system with CIR, MIR, burst and priority support
  • Simple and fast solution for basic QoS implementation – Simple queues
  • Dynamic client rate equalization (PCQ)


  • HTTP caching proxy server
  • Transparent HTTP proxy
  • SOCKS protocol support
  • DNS static entries
  • Support for caching on a separate drive
  • Parent proxy support
  • Access control list
  • Caching list


  • Ping, traceroute
  • Bandwidth test, ping flood
  • Packet sniffer, torch
  • Telnet, ssh
  • E-mail and SMS send tools
  • Automated script execution tools
  • File Fetch tool
  • Advanced traffic generator

Other features

  • OpenFlow support
  • Bridging – spanning tree protocol (STP, RSTP), bridge firewall and MAC natting.
  • Dynamic DNS update tool
  • NTP client/server and synchronization with GPS system
  • VRRP v2 and v3 support
  • SNMP
  • M3P – MikroTik Packet packer protocol for wireless links and ethernet
  • MNDP – MikroTik neighbor discovery protocol, supports CDP (Cisco discovery protocol)
  • RADIUS authentication and accounting
  • TFTP server